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Veterinary Safety

Table 1. Influence of age prikotorom piglets reach 23-24 kg in mass feeding efficiency. Age, days 59-63 64-68 69-73 Initial weight, kg 23,1 23,8 24,1 Average daily weight gain, g 762 809 831 Feed intake per day, kg 2,3 2 , 4 2,4 Feed Conversion 3 3 2,9 Backfat thickness, mm 13,2 12,8 13,1 diameter of the longissimus dorsi, mm 50,8 51,3 52 2 pigs slaughtered at mass of 108 kg, backfat thickness and diameter of the longissimus dorsi muscle measured by ultrasound. These and other findings confirm that the piglets that required more time to reach 23 kg, do not grow worse during the rearing and fattening than their larger at birth relatives. In these piglets fewer muscle fibers, but fiber diameter larger.

It turns out that a smaller number of fibers is compensated by an increase in their thickness. Thus, piglets born melkovesnymi bring real additional revenue pig if the correct approach. Of course, this requires a lot of work and ensure that: the organization of production conditions content; Veterinary Safety. Optimization of animal nutrition. Keyword – 'TIME': Timely alignment litters, the use of sow-stepmother, with the proviso that the little piglets are placed to the rich milk uterus significantly reduce mortality. In fact, mortality (all live-born piglets) in heterogeneous nests actually fell from 32% to 7,5% in the aligned slots. Control of farrowing. Viability piglets strongly depends on the occurrence of birth asphyxia, and the little piglets are more susceptible to asphyxia than the larger ones.

Feeding extra milk. Split weaning. Use powerful tools to support the weak piglets. Immune Support (globulins). Stimulation of intestinal microflora (probiotics). Easily available energy and vitamins. This will significantly reduce deaths of newborn piglets. Conditions of detention. Basic requirements – Dry, clean, warm. Veterinary Safety. Preventing the introduction of diseases from outside and preventing the development of existing diseases. Optimization of animal nutrition – the technology of feeding: Feeding sows during gestation and lactation. 1) Quality, quantity and activity of piglets. 2) The maximum milk production to improve the chances melkovesnym piglets get enough milk. Application in practice modern system of training and weaning. 1) The optimal development of the digestive system of piglets to weaning. 2) Prevention of intestinal disorders. 3) Stimulation of food intake. It is important that all these technologies have already been adapted in Rossii.Vyvody With good production conditions and feeding actually keep and grow melkovesnyh birth of piglets. Investment in conservation of these pigs quickly recovered and determine the competitiveness of enterprises.

Stomatitis

Stomatitis – inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth, which is caused by infection and very painful. It involves the oral mucosa, lips, tongue and palate. The disease is very common in adults and children. There are many reasons stomatitis. Acute herpetic stomatitis and aphthous stomatitis – the two most common causes. Other causes include allergies, smoking, dental disease, vitamin deficiencies, systemic diseases, medications, and other viral and bacterial infections.

You can help to cure stomatitis in dental clinic. Try our directory of dental clinics medzub.ru / Symptoms of Stomatitis: Is variable signs and symptoms associated with stomatitis. For example, inflammation of the mouth, which may be associated with a change in the amount of pain. Wounds (ulcers) in the mouth associated with some causes. You also may be bad breath.

Can also be symptoms of fever, malaise, headache and loss of appetite. The patient had been severe pain in the mouth, so occasionally have to give up eating. He also feels the pain and difficulty in speaking. The patient may be excessive salivation, foul tongue, bright red mouth, irritability, vomiting after meals. The patient may also suffer from mild fever and constipation. Causes of Stomatitis: There are many causes of stomatitis. Most important, which leads to this condition is poor oral hygiene and nutritional deficiencies. Even the defective functioning of the stomach and indigestion – its main causes of stomatitis. Inflammation can be caused by sluduschimi conditions: poor hygiene, poorly fitted dentures, mouth burns from hot food or drinks, or on conditions that affect the whole body, such as medications, allergic reactions, or infections.

Animal Husbandry

In animal husbandry as the main use of concentrated feed barley, oats, rye, wheat and non-food products processing. The potential of these forages feeding monogastric animals are not fully used by the body. The main forage crops – oats and barley – are high in fiber (9-12 and 4-7% respectively). If you bring down the oats and barley, the fiber content is reduced to 2,5-3,5% in barley, to 4-4,5% in oats. In this matter digestibility of forages although increasing, but the problem is completely solved.

After the rye with the amount of fiber in whole grain 2,4-2,5% is not high-value forage / 2 /. Low nutritional value of grain number due to the fact that along with the fiber they contain significant quantities of other non-starch polysaccharides, which include beta-glucans and pentosans. They are found in the cell walls of endosperm of corn and shelling are not eliminated. Full feed reduces forage consumption by almost a third. Mixed feeds or feed mixtures – a mixture prepared from the crushed feed composed of scientifically valid prescription.

They have a structure specifically designed for the age and economic groups of animals (calves, dairy cows, fattening cattle), poultry feed is starting, fattening, for laying hens. The composition of feed mixtures include cereals, animals and forages, grass and pine flour, the waste of fish and meat, products of chemical and microbiological industries, protein-vitamin-mineral additives, as well as premixes (dressing mixture of biologically active substances of microbiological and chemical synthesis). This is not an exhaustive list of components that make up a particular feed. Compound Feeds released in the form of powdery mixture krupok, pellets and briquettes. The most convenient form of registration are pellets. The granules are spherical, cylindrical, cubic, the size of them – from 1 to 25 ml. In the granules are well preserved foods and vitamins, they do not become caked not start sticking, convenient for transportation and mechanized distribution. The world's largest producer of animal feed is the U.S. (about a quarter of world production). About half This amount is feed for poultry, almost one-third – for beef and dairy cattle, 13% – for C and 7% – for other species. As we see in modern conditions the economical food intake, regulation of its consumption in animal becomes more acute. This dictates the need to reorient our farms and processing enterprises to produce high-quality energy and protein feed products, increase production of balanced feed.

Vitamin D and Pregnancy

From fat 30% should be vegetable – oils containing unsaturated fatty acids (sunflower, olive), vitamin E. Among animal fats to consume small amounts of butter, top grade. Vitamins. In the nutrition of pregnant vitamins are of great importance: the need for them increases by about a factor of 2. Helps the growth and development of placental vitamin A (2.5 g / day). Vitamin B1 (3 mg) and B2 (3 mg) keep muscle tone, vitamin C strengthens the immune system.

Vitamin D (500 mg) is important for bone baby, its deficiency can lead to serious consequences in the form malformation of teeth, bones, the mother may be anemia. Vitamin PP (nicotinic acid) (15-20 mg) is also necessary to avoid fetal anomalies. Minerals. The second half of pregnancy also requires greater consumption of minerals, especially iron (15-20 mg). Everybody has heard about the irresistible pull of some pregnant women to the Cretaceous, salt, suggesting that the body lacks calcium.

If the daily rate intake of calcium the average person – 800 mg, then pregnant, it increases up to 2000 mg. The most fully this need in the state to make up milk, cheese and cottage cheese. The salt should be careful to observe the daily norm of this period (up to 5 g) to avoid fluid retention in the body. Water to drink no more than it should do the common man – 2-2,5 liters per day. Pay special attention to vitamin vegetable and fruit juices and compote of dried fruit. In the second half of pregnancy, nutritionists recommend eating 5-6 times a day. Optimum content of foods per day could be: 200 grams of meat or fish of 150-200 grams of bread wheat (the same rye), 40 g butter, 50 g vegetable, 500 g of milk, 200 grams of yogurt, 200 g cheese, 400 g potato, 100 g cabbage, 100 g carrots, 200 g tomatoes, 1 egg, 50 g of cereals, 70 grams of pasta, plus tea. It is believed that chewing the leaves of green tea relieves from bouts of toxicosis. Daily distribution food can be represented as follows: breakfast at 8.00 am, lunch at noon, lunch at 14. 00-15.00, dinner at 19.00. As a snack can afford fruits and berries, juices and fruit drinks and biscuits. Before going to bed is recommended to drink a glass of buttermilk for normalization of the digestive tract. The last meal should be no later than 3 hours before bedtime.

Nutritional Values

Roasted asparagus, yellow sweet pepper and green onions 4 servings. Since asparagus – "relative" the onion family, it has the same properties. Sesame seeds will be more flavorful if it ignited in the pan without masla.1 tablespoon olive oil 1 teaspoon ground ginger or 1 tablespoon minced fresh ginger root, 1 kg of asparagus, chopped into pieces of 3 cm (can use canned) 8 stalks green onions, cut into pieces of 3 cm, 1 large yellow bell pepper, chopped straw, chopped 4 cloves garlic, 2 tablespoons soy sauce 2 teaspoons sesame seed. Ignited in a large frying pan over high heat, pour into it vegetable oil. In hot oil, put the ginger and fry for 15 seconds. Add asparagus, green onions and peppers. Cook, stirring occasionally, 4 minutes. Add the garlic, soy sauce, sesame seeds, salt.

Nutritional value per serving – 155 calories, fat – 5 grams of protein – 9 g, carbohydrates – 24 g, Fiber – 9 g egg casserole with rye bread, tomatoes and cheese Makes 4 servings. Preparation – 10 minutes. Preparation – 6-10 minut.1 tablespoon vegetable oil 8 slices rye bread, diced, 400 g chopped canned tomatoes, chopped 1 cup shredded cheese cheddar, 1 cup skim milk 4 large eggs 2 teaspoons sweet mustard, 1 / 4 teaspoon ground black pepper 2 tablespoons grated cheese Parmesan, garlic powder, dried basil and oregano – to taste. Preheat oven to 170 C. Whisk milk, eggs, mustard and pepper. Lubricate oil a baking dish measuring about 10 x 30 cm Put to the bottom of cubes of bread on top – tomatoes, sprinkle with cheese cheddar, basil, garlic powder and oregano.