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Social Anxiety

Some studies and theories exist on the etiolgicos factors of this illness. Amongst them and according to Caballo (2006), we can cite the model of the conditional anxiety, where the anxiety was acquired through the classic conditioning, for the repeated exposition the aversivas experiences in social situations. As a model would be the cognitivo-valorativo, that considers that the origin of the anxiety is the errnea cognitivo-valorativa evaluation of its performance the expectations of aversivas consequncias. The errnea evaluation can be resulted of criteria not-realists, false perceptions with regard to the performance, negative auto-evaluation and insufficient auto-reinforcement (CABALLO, 2006, P. 317). The third model that we will cite is of the deficit in social abilities. This model affirms that the anxiety tried in the social interaction has origin of reactive form and must to an inadequate or inapropriado mannering repertoire. The treatment of the Social Anxiety through Mannering the Cogntiva Therapy, is based basically on cognitiva reorganization, relaxation, dramatizao (it rolls-play), exposition and training in social abilities.

The therapy in group if has shown sufficiently efficient in the treatment of the Social Phobia (BARLOW, 1999). According to Barlow (1999), in the cognitiva reorganization, the therapist teaches to the patient to identify its automatic thoughts through exercises. He identifies to it them, elaborate then strategies to face them. For this confrontation, we use the socrtico questioning, that is one cognitiva technique that collates automatic thoughts, refuting them rationally. Through the Register of Pensamentos Automticos (RDPD) that the patient fills as house task, the therapeutic one starts to have access the possible intermediate beliefs and central offices and more the front is only that ' ' the therapy focuses in the modification of assumptions, rules and beliefs centrais' ' (RANG, 2001, P. 200). SegundoSalkovskis, Hawton, Kirk and Clark (1997), have some predispositions of the fbico patient that they need to be worked in therapy.

Individual Differences In The Anxiety

Individual differences in the anxiety reactions exist that can be important. With this I talk about, and as a example, that two people who must present/display the same approving examination the following day can undergo different degrees from anxiety. One can sleep calm the previous night and the other no. One can feel gastric annoyances and the other no. One can present/display perspiration of hands before and during the examination and the other no.

Nevertheless, it can happen that the person who presented/displayed minors anxiety symptoms before the situation of the examination, can yes present/display them in situations of social interaction. We see therefore, that the differences between two people in the tendency to feel anxiety are related to the situations. But independent of the situations, also there is a certain tendency that mark that the people who are more nervous or anxious, generally, most of present/display higher levels of anxiety in the situations, whereas the calmest people activate less in any type of situation. There are children very assets from their birth, that sleep little, eat bad, are always anxious, very frequently change their attention from a task to another one, relax with facility, costs to them to concentrate themselves, waste energy in the activities, etc. These children usually are more scared than the habitual ones in all the children, and when they arrive at adults, they are people with predisposition of greater nervousness or anxiety than others of his surroundings. Therefore, it is clear that there are people more anxious than others, partly by factors prearrangers of biological type, which means that although there is major probability of developing such upheavals, not necessarily this must happen. The anxiety characteristic is a characteristic of the relatively stable individual in different situations and throughout the time.

Nevertheless, the anxiety characteristic, or general level of anxiety, can be modified when the individual receives the training adapted in psychological techniques of control and handling of the different answers from anxiety. The women, like demographic group, score more high in the test that measures the anxiety characteristic. In most of the anxiety upheavals, like the upheaval of generalized anxiety, or the attacks of panic with agoraphobia, are that the women suffer plus these upheavals that the men (in a proportion of two to three times more).