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Under the logic of the hierarquizao the system of health in Brazil, as describes Saito (2004, p 69.), if it organizes leaving of the basic level of the attention for tertiary levels of bigger complexity, being created to facilitate the access at every level of assistance without bureaucracy. still, as the same author, to make possible the implantation of the Only System of Sade (SUS) with determinative of the completeness is necessary the application of the system of reference and against Reference. The Health department defined (1990 b) that the reference: it is as the act of guiding of a patient taken care of in one determined establishment of health for another one of greater complexidade.j against-reference as the act of guiding of a patient for the origin establishment, that it related, after resolution of the responsible cause for the reference. The same author points that what the system of reference and against reference was created to direct the services of health through two flows of users: the external intern and. Abbott Laboratories has much to offer in this field. The intern where the user carries through its assistance in one same service of health with the minimum of resource being sustainable that is its entrance and exit. Already the external one provides integral assistance through the use of resource of other levels of attention as the system of reference and against reference.

Following the same Vieira optics (2009, P. 75), it places the inexistence of the service of reference and against reference of the hospital unit for the Basic Unit of Health, where the professionals of the basic attention do not have knowledge of the patient that they receive high. Therefore the professionals would have if to acquire knowledge of the concretion of the service in the different institutions of health. In the same Maeda line (2007, P.) it points that ' ' The process of reference and against-reference consists in a set of action politics, economic and basic techniques to the reinforcement of the beginning of the completeness of the Only System of Sade (SUS) ' '.


When if it deals with this type of exercise for the adolescent the subject requires some cares of security, therefore its locomotive system is not still mature for great efforts, must be taken the precaution not to interrupt the process of growth of this small practitioner because of the physical activity to be practised and to analyze the benefits of the training of force for the band this etria. In all physical exercise for adolescents, the prudence to prevent great consumings provoked for training excess is very important for the growth and healthful development of this organism. Another important fact is that the adolescent practitioners of this modality must be guided not to compete, with the conscience of to practise the musculao only for leisure. The risks of the training for children and adolescents must very be well clarified and are well lesser who in many considered activities ‘ ‘ seguras’ ‘. The damage in relation to the development of the stature is presented as a risk of the musculao excess, and in the truth any practised physical activity exageradamente can diminish the hormone production and intervene with the growth of the adolescent. In relation to ‘ ‘ great esforos’ ‘ provoked for the musculao, them the same ones are produced for a soccer game, for example, and people who practise sports, even though children present minors risks of injuries when they are practising its modality of custom due to the work with weights that carry through, therefore are protected by the reinforcement of its muscle, and how much to the damages provoked in relation to the joints, excesses and lack of orientation adjusted during the trainings can be explained by.

The musculao is an activity that has the characteristic to captivate the people, and the period of adolescence is marked by important moments. Being thus, to provoke the disinterest of a child and adolescent in relation to the musculao, suddenly, it can impediz them follow a very healthful way for the body and its mind. Whichever the chosen physical activity, an active life is extremely important in the promotion of health and prevention of some illnesses of any human being! BIBLIOGRAPHY DANTAS, Estlio Enrique Martin. The practical one of the physical preparation.

Health and Happiness

THE HEALTH IS ONE OF THE ITEM THAT ARE PART OF THE PACKAGE OF TRUE HAPPINESS Dr. Barreto Luiz Fisioterapeuta and Fisiologista of the Exercise At no moment, nor in place some already was visualized some happy person acometido of some illness or pain. The happiness is a package of good, healthful, useful and pleasant things, the goods of that say Oliveira ( ) The useful good, the honest good and the pleasant good. This author did not cite a good that inevitably has that to compose this package. The healthful good. In this package the corporeal properties exist (the useful good), the work (the honest good), the pleasures, leisure (the pleasant good) and the health (the healthful good).

Who has the ownership of all these item, can be considered happy. But, according to wise son of the king, the happiness is not of this world. In this story, Oliveira ( ) he tells that the king had four children and all desired a good. Well this that according to them he would complete. The first one wanted to be rich, as it wanted to be powerful, third wanted to be wise. All had obtained to carry through its desires, but did not obtain to be happy. The scholar of as much wisdom obtained to guess anticipatedly what the room brother desired.

The room certain son of its desire, told that it wanted to be happy. All the people desire a good for itself that, in its vision, it will be the item to be complete. Some when they obtain, they enjoy of that good for a time and later if they sadden or they start the estressante fight to obtain one another good. Only that in this fight they are only enclosed useful and pleasant objectives (the useful good and the pleasant good). Others demonstrate to be always happy without being. They prefer to live of appearances. Most of the people forgets that the health (the healthful good) is the primordial item to obtain the other goods that are part of the package. Therefore the prevention is so important to obtain itself to keep the healthful good. The humanity desires to be happy each one to its way, but they only obtain to discover that the health is the most important item of the package when they are acometidos by some illness or they are suffering with much pain. River, 07/01/2012 Bibliography OLIVEIRA, As To persuade Speaking. Ediouro. RIO DE JANEIRO

Exercise And Hydration

We know of the importance of the water in our lives, its necessity in our daily activities and also of the basic paper that the water plays in our organism, a basic paper. The water plays diverse functions in our organism, being basic for our survival. Functions as half transporting for nutrients and gases and thermal regulator, the water approximately represents of 40% 70% of the total corporal mass, about 60% 75% of the all up weight of muscle and approximately 10% of the fabric adiposo. During the physical activity, our organism suffers to alterations and greaters necessities, as redistribution of the flow of the blood for the active musculaturas had the biggest necessity of oxygenation and nutrition. The oxygen and the nutrients are carried through the plasma, that is in watery way. When in them we exercise the energy production it liberates heat and it increases the body temperature. One of the forms to waste this produced heat is through perspiration, where the transference of the corporal heat with loss of liquids occurs.

The amount of liquids lost during the physical activity will go to depend on the intensity of the exercise, duration, ambient temperature and relative humidity of air. The more intense it will be the exercise, hotter will be the environment, more lasting and bigger the relative air humidity, greater will be the loss of liquids and greater the necessity of attention with the hidratao. The decurrent dehydration of the physical activity, makes with that the performance diminishes, due the reduction of the plasmtico volume, by where the nutrients and oxygen are carried and lesser capacity from thermal regulation. Therefore attention with its hidratao during the practical one of physical activities.


Workers of nursing feel more difficulties to take care of of young patients this are related to the not-acceptance, for the society, of a serious illness in young in full productive age (SHIMIZU, 2000). In the daily one of the workers of nursing of UTIs, the confrontation with the suffering and the pain of the patient happen constantly. Such situation is not easy e, many times, them looks for to place itself in the place of the sick person and suffers with this situation (SHIMIZU, 2000). The multiprofessional team in UTI found given, in which the participants had expressed the difficulty in working in team, being that the stories had disclosed that one of the main .causing factors of estresse for the multiprofessional team she is the proper one team. This fact was decurrent of the lack of commitment of some members of the team (MILK; VILLAGE, 2005). The high rotation is desgastante in such a way for the workers as for the heads, however these data, when seen separately, they are reduced in its degree of importance and they do not propitiate signallings of the suffering in work (ABRAHO; TOWERS, 2004).

In study with nurses of Center of Intensive Therapy, these professionals had emphasized that she is difficult to manage and to plan the assistance to the patient ones when lacks and absences occur, therefore they cause overload for the other members of the team (SAINTS; OLIVEIRA; MOREIRA, 2006). The inexistence of employees to substitute the absentees in recesses, vacation and licenses demands, of the remaining workers, a very intense task, creating an environment many times of running and tumult, that if becomes more problematic when lacks in the work occur not set appointments previously (LUNARDI SON, 1995). When a not enough number of people for the work is had, this can to collaborate to increase the absenteeism index and to cause to an overload and insatisfao of the workers, propitiating a reduction of the quality of the care given to the human being (ALVES, 1996).

Fibromialgia Staple

The electrodes are placed in the surface of the skin, and the transmitted impulses of cutaneous form stimulate staple fibres the beta, mielinizadas, that they lead ascending information. Thus, if the transmission of stimulatons through staple fibres It will be predominant, the signal of pain lead for staple fibres C (also responsible for the conduction of painful sensitivity) is inhibited by cells T, and do not ascend of the lateral espinotalmicos tractos for the thalamus. On the other hand, if the impulses of staple fibres C to surpass the stimulatons propagated for staple fibres, pain will go to prevail. In this manner, the chain, while applied, promotes an hiper-excitement of a, with the purpose to block the transmission of staple fibres C, what it explains the relief of pain. (12-16) Already the after-effect is related with the release of opiides endogenous, that they are the frmacos most important in the treatment of pain. They are known as neuropeptdeos hormones that will originate active agents after enzymatic segmentation. The 3 neuropeptdeos families of opiides belong: the dinorfinas (set free in the spinal marrow frequently of 100 the 1000 Hz), the encefalinas and the endorfinas (the set free 2 in the SNC with the 10 frequencies of 5 Hz), being these last important ones in the mechanism of relief of pain. (12-16) Although this benefit if draws out short-term in the fibromilgicos, release of opiides endogenous YOU HAVE for it especially occurs in cerebral areas analgesia central offices, involving sedativas as serotonina, encefalinas and b-endorfinas substances, that act in hipotlamo. (12-16) With this, the applicability and result of the use of this device in the acometidos ones for the syndrome of the Fibromialgia have reduction in the threshold of pain in them to tend points and reduction in diffuse pain. (12-16) Therapy Manual and Crioterapia the manual therapy can be important an allied one.

Intensive Therapy

Therefore, through this article, we will be describing through literature overload of work of the nurse of a Unit of Intensive Therapy. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Unit of Intensive Therapy. Nurses. Load of Work of Nursing. 1.INTRODUO Caracterizar the demand of work of nursing in Unit of Terapia Intensiva (UTI) with sights to get a quantitative one of staff who assures quality and adequate relation cost-benefit of the intensive assistance is old search that folloies the proper historical development of these units (RAFKIN, 1994).

Being the UTI (s) complex units that concentrate human resources and technological highly specialized and of high cost, the necessity to adjust staff front to the cares demanded for the patients, stimulated, throughout the time, the development of instruments of measure come back to verify the demand of nursing work, joint or parallel to the development of indices of gravity of the sick person in critical state. In the UTI (s), recognized for the raised load of nursing work, (that it represents a factor of high cost), and for the raised index of mortality, (measured that express production/income), during decades used it reason mortality/morbidade as parameter of choice to describe resulted of the efficiency of the intensive care. However, in recent years, the inclusion of the load of nursing work as a parameter for evaluation of the results, has been also considered, had to its impact in the quality of the intensive assistance (JAKOB, 1997). Of this form, the evaluation of the demand of nursing work, as well as of the factors associates it, if has shown indispensable as resource of management of these units, since one has equipped superdimensionada implies in high cost. On the other hand, one knows that one has equipped reduced tends to determine a fall in the efficiency of the assistance, being drawn out the internment, increasing mortality/morbidade and generating a bigger cost in the treatment of the patients (GAIDZINSKI, 1998).