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Veterinary Safety

Table 1. Influence of age prikotorom piglets reach 23-24 kg in mass feeding efficiency. Age, days 59-63 64-68 69-73 Initial weight, kg 23,1 23,8 24,1 Average daily weight gain, g 762 809 831 Feed intake per day, kg 2,3 2 , 4 2,4 Feed Conversion 3 3 2,9 Backfat thickness, mm 13,2 12,8 13,1 diameter of the longissimus dorsi, mm 50,8 51,3 52 2 pigs slaughtered at mass of 108 kg, backfat thickness and diameter of the longissimus dorsi muscle measured by ultrasound. These and other findings confirm that the piglets that required more time to reach 23 kg, do not grow worse during the rearing and fattening than their larger at birth relatives. In these piglets fewer muscle fibers, but fiber diameter larger.

It turns out that a smaller number of fibers is compensated by an increase in their thickness. Thus, piglets born melkovesnymi bring real additional revenue pig if the correct approach. Of course, this requires a lot of work and ensure that: the organization of production conditions content; Veterinary Safety. Optimization of animal nutrition. Keyword – 'TIME': Timely alignment litters, the use of sow-stepmother, with the proviso that the little piglets are placed to the rich milk uterus significantly reduce mortality. In fact, mortality (all live-born piglets) in heterogeneous nests actually fell from 32% to 7,5% in the aligned slots. Control of farrowing. Viability piglets strongly depends on the occurrence of birth asphyxia, and the little piglets are more susceptible to asphyxia than the larger ones.

Feeding extra milk. Split weaning. Use powerful tools to support the weak piglets. Immune Support (globulins). Stimulation of intestinal microflora (probiotics). Easily available energy and vitamins. This will significantly reduce deaths of newborn piglets. Conditions of detention. Basic requirements – Dry, clean, warm. Veterinary Safety. Preventing the introduction of diseases from outside and preventing the development of existing diseases. Optimization of animal nutrition – the technology of feeding: Feeding sows during gestation and lactation. 1) Quality, quantity and activity of piglets. 2) The maximum milk production to improve the chances melkovesnym piglets get enough milk. Application in practice modern system of training and weaning. 1) The optimal development of the digestive system of piglets to weaning. 2) Prevention of intestinal disorders. 3) Stimulation of food intake. It is important that all these technologies have already been adapted in Rossii.Vyvody With good production conditions and feeding actually keep and grow melkovesnyh birth of piglets. Investment in conservation of these pigs quickly recovered and determine the competitiveness of enterprises.

Animal Husbandry

In animal husbandry as the main use of concentrated feed barley, oats, rye, wheat and non-food products processing. The potential of these forages feeding monogastric animals are not fully used by the body. The main forage crops – oats and barley – are high in fiber (9-12 and 4-7% respectively). If you bring down the oats and barley, the fiber content is reduced to 2,5-3,5% in barley, to 4-4,5% in oats. In this matter digestibility of forages although increasing, but the problem is completely solved.

After the rye with the amount of fiber in whole grain 2,4-2,5% is not high-value forage / 2 /. Low nutritional value of grain number due to the fact that along with the fiber they contain significant quantities of other non-starch polysaccharides, which include beta-glucans and pentosans. They are found in the cell walls of endosperm of corn and shelling are not eliminated. Full feed reduces forage consumption by almost a third. Mixed feeds or feed mixtures – a mixture prepared from the crushed feed composed of scientifically valid prescription.

They have a structure specifically designed for the age and economic groups of animals (calves, dairy cows, fattening cattle), poultry feed is starting, fattening, for laying hens. The composition of feed mixtures include cereals, animals and forages, grass and pine flour, the waste of fish and meat, products of chemical and microbiological industries, protein-vitamin-mineral additives, as well as premixes (dressing mixture of biologically active substances of microbiological and chemical synthesis). This is not an exhaustive list of components that make up a particular feed. Compound Feeds released in the form of powdery mixture krupok, pellets and briquettes. The most convenient form of registration are pellets. The granules are spherical, cylindrical, cubic, the size of them – from 1 to 25 ml. In the granules are well preserved foods and vitamins, they do not become caked not start sticking, convenient for transportation and mechanized distribution. The world's largest producer of animal feed is the U.S. (about a quarter of world production). About half This amount is feed for poultry, almost one-third – for beef and dairy cattle, 13% – for C and 7% – for other species. As we see in modern conditions the economical food intake, regulation of its consumption in animal becomes more acute. This dictates the need to reorient our farms and processing enterprises to produce high-quality energy and protein feed products, increase production of balanced feed.