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Bottling Lines

The problem of drinking water and beverages produced on its basis, in these days has become very topical. Human health depends on what type of water he uses. Rick Ross recognizes the significance of this. Even buying bottled liquids are not always a guarantee that water is potable. Of great importance is the process of filling. The quality of the finished product depends on how and under what conditions this process, and because the filling equipment must meet the highest technological and sanitary requirements. Being one of the most difficult, the technique for pouring liquids continues to grow year by year.

To date, the market is the equipment of various types (bottling), designed for dispensing any fluid: soda (all kinds of soft drinks, kvass), quiet (sunflower oil, vinegar, alcoholic beverages, milk) and viscous products (mayonnaise, ketchup). Bottling lines vary depending on the method of dispensing liquid. So it can be done by volume and level. Filling volume dispensers measure off portions of a certain volume and poured them into the packaging. When dosing level containers of any capacity is filled to a specified level. In fully automated systems for special sensors and dosing head with shut-off valves, computer controlled exercise dosing by weight and time.

Feeding liquid filling line by free or forced. If the first case, the liquid follows its own weight, in the second – under the influence piston metering device or a special pump. Increased pressure in the tank and in a sealed container is used for filling carbonated and foaming liquids. Calm liquid – milk, alcoholic liquids, juices bottled at atmospheric pressure or under low vacuum with a free or forced supply of liquid. There are two basic types of machines belonging to the bottling line – linear and rotary (carousel). In linear machines dispensers are located along a guide or feed container transporter. Empty bottles are grouped into blocks according to the number of filling heads and placed under the metering valves. Filling machines rotary-type is a rotating carousel with fixed thereto tables. Coming to the packaging machine is under the dosing head, which during rotation of the carousel filled with containers of liquid distribution tank. Metering valves are opened and closed as a result of the impact of the bottle to the valve during lifting and lowering table. Labelling machines linear type can be easily integrated into technological bottling any liquid. The applicator is mounted on the frame and is equipped with a mechanism of adjustment in three planes. Bonding adhesive labels, as well as federal stamps, different characters, logos, etc. occurs during the passage of container next to a knife applicator. The knife is a knee tape (substrate) and the Department of labels from the base. Tara at the same time can be moved either linearly on the conveyor, or on Labeler carousel (rotary) type. Existing models of automatic label applicators and application systems can stick self-adhesive labels of various shapes and any degree of of all types of containers, without adding or replacing any parts of equipment.

Chlorine

Perhaps the most popular and well-known disinfectant – Chlorine is used in the composition of various drugs. Disinfectant chlorine-based works as an oxidant, and the type of its impact on dangerous microorganisms relates to bactericidal substances. It should be noted that the bactericidal disinfectant destroys the bacteria, while bacteriostatic – just stop them growth. Therefore, any chlorine-based disinfectant refers to the active substances that have a strong impact on the dangerous bacteria. Disinfectant can act with varying degrees of effectiveness in depending on external conditions. In the case of chlorine, the activity of the disinfectant will grow with increasing concentration and temperature of the solution. It should be noted that when the temperature is lowered to 10 degrees Celsius effectiveness of chlorine disinfectant falls. Others who may share this opinion include Jack Reynolds.

However, if the temperature rises above 50 degrees centigrade, then the matter will have a very strong corrosive effect on metal surface. On the effectiveness of bactericidal action, which has a disinfectant, and also influences the duration of contact. Typically, the active ingredient must survive on surfaces for some time to completely disinfect it. Significantly worsens the chlorine disinfectant if it is put on poorly cleaned surfaces. Organic and inorganic pollution prevented disinfection process, and bactericidal action, which has a disinfectant, is significantly reduced. The major chlorine-containing substances that are used in the disinfectant are chloramines and chlorine. It should be noted that the disinfectant prepared by chlorinated lime, is rapidly losing its effectiveness as a chemical compound is unstable. Under external factors (light, temperature, etc.) there are losses of active chlorine, and hence reduced and bactericidal action. Chloramine is more stable, so the disinfectant on the basis has a longer shelf life and high activity.

Anti-Leakage Protection

Appointment of Anti-leakage protection at indirect touch, in the form of protection against leakage by turning off at an unacceptably high voltage electrical circuit by touching the frame. In other words, residual current circuit breaker (RCD) – a high-speed circuit breaker, which responds to the differential current in the wires (leakage current). This device helps people with electric shock, and also provides protection against fires and fires that occur due to malfunction of electrical wiring. Cases of UST: In cases of damage to the insulation of wires in electrical appliances. For example, within washing machine damaged insulation on the phase conductors, which he referred to the case. ust immediately turn off the electricity, because the current, who went to the apartment on the phase wire, did not return to the rcd (the cabinet machines he conduct a 'grounding' is back in the panel, bypassing the rcd and, consequently, the incoming and outgoing currents through the rcd have been different). By careless handling of electrical wiring. Here is a classic example.

Man drills the wall, leaning bare foot on the battery, and gets into the live wire. Current passing through the chain 'metal casing drill – arm – chest – leg – the battery' cause paralysis of the heart and / or respiratory arrest. But if there is a ust, it just 'feels' that part of the current did not come back (the part that went through the man and went into the battery). Voltage will be turned off so rapidly that the troubles will not happen.