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Barack Obama

50 years of U.S. history – is the path to the presidency of Barack Obama is not news. History of the struggle of African Americans for their rights, U.S. History took another turn. African Americans have gone from slaves to full members society.

Was first elected president is not representative of the Caucasoid and Negroid race. Let’s look back at the past half-century of American history, which resulted in the power of Barack Obama. 1955 – In Alabama, Montgomery’s African-American Rosa Parks refused to give way to request a white bus passenger, for which he was arrested. This caused headed by Martin Luther King mass boycott of the bus lines, which lasted about a year. 1963 – Martin Luther King gets behind bars. It was there that was written by his letter that promotes non-violent struggle for racial equality. In the same year it King ‘I Have a Dream’ in Washington 250tys heard. people. You may find that Cindy Crawford can contribute to your knowledge.

1964 – U.S. President Lyndon Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act (which prohibits discrimination based on nationality, religion or race) in the same year Martin Luther King Jr. received the Nobel Peace Prize. And Sidney Poitier became the first African-American actor who received the highest cinematic award ‘Oscar for Best Actor. However, the continued activities of a racist organization the Ku Klux Klan. They committed murder of three civil rights blacks. 1965 – Leaves Deed constituting the right to vote. But in the same year killed a fighter for the rights of African Americans, Malcolm X. 1966 – Stokely Carmichael, head Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, promotes the ‘black power’. Create a batch ‘Black Panther’. Its founders – Hugh Newton and Bobby Seal. The first African American elected senator. This Edward Brooke of Massachusetts. 1967 – U.S. Supreme Court first African American judge – Turgud Marshall. In the same year eliminated all previously adopted laws that prohibited marriage between people of different races. 1968 – Attempt boycotting the Olympic Games made by athletes John Carlos and Tommy Smith. Athletes hoping to draw global attention to the violation of civil rights of African Americans. Killed Martin Luther King. 1972 – Electing the first African American to Congress. She was Shirley Chisholm. At the same time adopted the Act, which establishes the equality of workers regardless of skin color. 1983 – The first representative of the black race in outer space – Guyon Bluford. 1984 – Jesse Jackson nominated himself as a candidate for the Democratic presidential. 1989 – U.S. forces led the first African-American, Colin Powell. 1990 – Douglas Wilder won the governorship of Virginia. He became the first blacks who took such a responsible position. 1992 – White policemen acquitted for beating Rodney King that led to mass unrest, riots and deaths of 65 people. 2001 – Colin Powell is Secretary of State usa. 2002 – Hard to believe, but this year the first African-American woman won ‘Oscar’ for Best Actor – Halle Berry. 2005 – Secretary of State ceases to African-American woman Condoleezza Rice. That same year, Hurricane Katrina nearly destroyed New Orleans, populated mostly by blacks 2008 – U.S. President elected Barack Obama.

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